go-echo-samples-中间件

怎样自己写一个中间件?

比如有以下需求

  • 通过该中间件去统计请求数目、状态和时间。
  • 中间件把写过写回响应。

Server

server.go

package main

import (
	"net/http"
	"strconv"
	"sync"
	"time"

	"github.com/labstack/echo"
)

type (
	Stats struct {
		Uptime       time.Time      `json:"uptime"`
		RequestCount uint64         `json:"requestCount"`
		Statuses     map[string]int `json:"statuses"`
		mutex        sync.RWMutex
	}
)

func NewStats() *Stats {
	return &Stats{
		Uptime:   time.Now(),
		Statuses: make(map[string]int),
	}
}

// Process is the middleware function.
func (s *Stats) Process(next echo.HandlerFunc) echo.HandlerFunc {
	return func(c echo.Context) error {
		if err := next(c); err != nil {
			c.Error(err)
		}
		s.mutex.Lock()
		defer s.mutex.Unlock()
		s.RequestCount++
		status := strconv.Itoa(c.Response().Status)
		s.Statuses[status]++
		return nil
	}
}

// Handle is the endpoint to get stats.
func (s *Stats) Handle(c echo.Context) error {
	s.mutex.RLock()
	defer s.mutex.RUnlock()
	return c.JSON(http.StatusOK, s)
}

// ServerHeader middleware adds a `Server` header to the response.
func ServerHeader(next echo.HandlerFunc) echo.HandlerFunc {
	return func(c echo.Context) error {
		c.Response().Header().Set(echo.HeaderServer, "Echo/3.0")
		return next(c)
	}
}

func main() {
	e := echo.New()

	// Debug mode
	e.Debug = true

	//-------------------
	// Custom middleware
	//-------------------
	// Stats
	s := NewStats()
	e.Use(s.Process)
	e.GET("/stats", s.Handle) // Endpoint to get stats

	// Server header
	e.Use(ServerHeader)

	// Handler
	e.GET("/", func(c echo.Context) error {
		return c.String(http.StatusOK, "Hello, World!")
	})

	// Start server
	e.Logger.Fatal(e.Start(":1323"))
}

响应

响应头

Content-Length:122
Content-Type:application/json; charset=utf-8
Date:Thu, 14 Apr 2016 20:31:46 GMT
Server:Echo/2.0

响应体

{
  "uptime": "2016-04-14T13:28:48.486548936-07:00",
  "requestCount": 5,
  "statuses": {
    "200": 4,
    "404": 1
  }
}

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